Queen Elizabeth’s loss of life: As Kohinoor trends in India, a brief history of the jewel

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Queen Elizabeth II, Britain’s longest-reigning monarch, breathed her final on Thursday at Balmoral Castle in Scotland. Following her loss of life, social media turned abuzz with calls for for Kohinoor’s return to India. Meaning ‘Mountain of Light’, Kohinoor is a 105.6-carat colourless diamond which is believed to have been first mined in the thirteenth century, close to Guntur in Andhra Pradesh by the Kakatiya dynasty.

Over the years, the jewel obtained handed on to the Delhi Sultan Alauddin Khilji after which to the Mughal empire following which Persian invader Nadir Shah took it to Afghanistan. It handed via totally different dynasties earlier than reaching Ranjit Singh, the Sikh Maharaja of Punjab, in 1809. With Singh’s successor shedding the kingdom to the British, the Kohinoor was ceded to Queen Victoria throughout the colonial rule.

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While Queen Victoria wore it as a brooch, it quickly turned a half of crown jewels – first in the crown of Queen Alexandra after which in the crown of Queen Mary.

The Kohinoor Crown (Express Archive)

Finally, it shaped a half of a dazzling crown made in 1937 for Queen Elizabeth, consort of King George VI, for the latter’s coronation on May 12, 1937. The crown, which has a platinum body set with 2,800 diamonds, has a entrance cross holding the Kohinoor diamond in a removable platinum mount.

“The band, comprising alternating clusters shaped as crosses and rectangles, is bordered with single rows of brilliant-cut diamonds and set at the entrance with a giant diamond, which was given to Queen Victoria in 1856 by the Sultan of Turkey,” in line with the Royal Collection Trust.

“The Koh-i-nûr diamond had been successively mounted in the crowns of Queen Alexandra and Queen Mary and was as soon as once more reset for this crown,” it added.

Queen Elizabeth wore the crown without its arches at the State Openings of Parliament throughout the reign of King George VI, and once more at the coronation of her daughter, Queen Elizabeth II, in 1953. It was then set on her coffin in April 2002, marking the crown’s final public look since then.

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